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Lesson of Japanese No.1


Before to begin

• Make sure that the Japanese characters appear properly onto your computer.

Do you see squares or question marks in that space? 日本

• Each course will be built-up the same way:

- A vocabulary section (absolutely to learn).
- A text and its translation (except for the first lesson).
- A grammar section.
- A reading of Japanese section (don't overlook at that section because one course after another, you will see less and less English and more Japanese).

• Some advice:

- Follow the order of the courses.
- Review frequently the previous course(s).
- Complete the exercises.
- Don't hesitate to speak loud and even better, practice with someone else.
- Don't hesitate to ask your questions on the forum.

If you study on a regular basis, you can improve very quickly. So keep on studying! "がんばって 下さい。"


vocabulaire-japonais

Before to begin the first course, did you read carefully the ''Introduction to the Japanese''course??





です
さん

日本

学生
Watashi
Desu
San
Hon
Nihon
Neko
Gakusei
I ; me
to be ; am ; It is...
Mr or Ms or Miss
Book
Japan
Cat
Student

Also see the hiragana chart.

ecriture-japonais



grammaire-japonais

The basic sentence


—  は — です。

— wa — desu.




- 私田中です
- Watashi wa Tanaka desu.
- I am Mr Tanaka.

- 田中さん学生です
- Tanaka san wa gakusei desu.
- Mr Tanaka is a student.

Stucture: In the Japanese sentence, the subject is at the beginning of the sentence and the verb is always at the end.

''は'' is a particle; its function is to put the emphasis on the theme of the sentence. In the two examples mentioned above, "I" is the theme of the first sentence and ''Mr Tanaka'' is the theme of the second one.

Consequently, the Japanese sentence is being built-up that way:subject + は + information + verb.

The politeness suffix ''さん'' is never being used when you are talking about yourself.Note that it can be used after a surname as well as after a first name.


prononciation-japonais

• See the basic pronunciation here.

• ''は'', as a particle, is being pronounced [wa] and not [ha].

• The "u" in ''desu'' is not being pronounced; pronounce [dess]. It is the same thing in every case where a verb is ending with ''masu'': The final ''u'' is not being pronounced.

• When it comes to the words ending with "ei" such as gakusei, pronounce the ''ei'' as a long [et] as in the word ''ballet''.

grammaire-japonais

The particle ''の'': the possession

In Japanese, there are no possessive determiners such as "my", "your", "yours", etc.
To express the possession, we use the subject, followed by the particle ''の'' (no), which means "of".





- 私本です。
- Watashi no hon desu.
- It is my book. / These are my books. (lit. of me book(s) it is/these are.)


Notice: The singular/plural does not exist in Japanese. The meaning of the sentence is given by the context.


- 田中さん猫。
- Tanaka san no neko.
- The cat(s) of Mr Tanaka.

- 日本
- Nihon no hon
- Japanese book(s)

- 私です。
- Watashi no desu.
- It is mine / These are mine.

- 田中さん日本本。
- Tanaka san no nihon no hon.
- The Japanese book(s) of Mr Tanaka.


lecture-japonais



Hiragana





ha/wa
no
de
su
sa
-n



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Comprehension exercise

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2 Additional exercises

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Author: Tev

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Translator: Jass