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Lesson of Japanese No.19


vocabulaire-japonais



東京ディズニーランド
どうして
誘う
ふたり
デート
ハンサム
ひとつ
だけ
秘密
Toukyou dizunîrando
Doushite
Sasou
Futari
Dêto
Hansamu
Hitotsu
Dake
Himitsu
Tokyo Disneyland
Why
To invite
Two people
Date (romantic)
Handsome man
One thing/one
Just
Secret



ecriture-japonais



texte-japonais



- イザベルさん、東京ディズニーランドに行ったことある?

- 私は行ったことないけどドロテさんは行ったことあるよ。どうして?

- 昨日オリビエさんを誘ったから。

- ええ、デート!面白いね。オリビエさんってあのハンサムなフランス人?

- そうそう、あの人。

- ね、ひとつだけ聞きたい。オリビエさんを好き?

- ひみつ!
- Izaberu san, Toukyou dizunîlando ni itta koto aru?

- Watashi wa itta koto nai kedo Dorote san wa itta koto aru yo. Doushite?

- Kinou Oribie san wo sasotta kara.

- Ee, dêto! Omoshiroi ne. Oribie san tte ano hansamu furansujin?

- Sou sou, ano hito.

- Ne, hitotsu dake kikitai. Oribie san wo suki?

- Himitsu!



- ''Isabel, have you ever been to Tokyo Disneyland?''
- ''I have never been there, but Dorothy has been there. Why?''
- ''Because yesterday, I invited Oliver.''
- ''A date! This is interesting. Oliver, it's that handsome Frenchman, right?''
- ''Yes, it's that person.''
- ''Say (or ''Hey''), I just want to ask you one thing. You like Oliver?''
- ''It's a secret!''


grammaire-japonais

The particle ''ね'' (ne)

We use the particle ''ね'' at the beginning of the sentence to get the listener's attention. It means "Say" or ''Hey''. We can write ''ね'' or ''ねえ''.


The Japanese "yes"

We already saw many ways to answer ''Yes.'' We can use "はい", "うん" or reuse the verb that was in the question (see course No.17). When we want to answer to a question where "です" has been used, a different rule is being applied. Remember that we already saw that ''です'' wasn't being considered as a verb (see course No.14).

Question: ケーキを食べましたか。
Did you eat the cake?

Answer: 食べました。 (We can answer by only using the verb.)
Yes.(Literally: Ate.)

Question: 大丈夫ですか。
You are fine?

Answer: 大丈夫です。 (We can't only use ''です''.)
Yes.(Literally: Fine am.)

When the answer to the question with ''です''is a confirmation ("Yes, that's it."), it can take different forms.

Question: あの人ですか。
Is it that person?

Answer: はい、あの人です。
Yes, it is that person.

Answer: はい、そうです。
Yes, it is exact.

Answer: そうそう、あの人です。
That's it, it is that person.

Note :In the text, we answer with "そうそう" to the question "オリビエさんってあのハンサムなフランス人?" It is really a question with ''です'', even though this word wasn't written at the end of the sentence.


Counting the people
一人
二人
三人
四人
五人
六人
七人
八人
九人
十人
ひとり
ふたり
さんにん
よにん
ごにん
ろくにん
しちにん
はちにん
くにん
じゅうにん
Hitori
Futari
Sannin
Yonin
Gonin
Rokunin
Shichinin
Hachinin
Kyuunin
Juunin
1 person
2 people
3 people
4 people
5 people
6 people
7 people
8 people
9 people
10 people



Counting the objects

There are several counter words used to count different types of things. Here are the universal counter words. They are used to count all the types of things.

一つ
二つ
三つ
四つ
五つ
六つ
七つ
八つ
九つ
ひとつ
ふたつ
みっつ
よっつ
いつつ
むっつ
ななつ
やっつ
ここのつ
とお
Hitotsu
Futatsu
Mittsu
Yottsu
Itsutsu
Muttsu
Nanatsu
Yattsu
Kokonotsu
Too
1 thing
2 things
3 things
4 things
5 things
6 things
7 things
8 things
9 things
10 things



The ''-ta koto ga aru'' form: to have already done

We use the "-ta koto ga aru" form when talking about a past experience. At the informal form, the "ga" is often omitted.




- カナダに行ったことがありますか。
- Kanada ni itta koto ga arimasu ka.
- Have you ever been to Canada?

- これを食べたことがありません
- Kore wo tabeta koto ga arimasen.
- I've never eaten this.

- 日本の音楽は聞いたことない
- Nihon no ongaku wa kiita koto nai.
- I've never listened to Japanese music.

lecture-japonais

HiraganaKatakana


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