bouton
Choose your language: francais | english
accueil
japanese sweets
Coming soon: Lessons of Chinese and Thai!
logo Ecole Tokyo
logo Aizuya Inn
logo TokyoStay



Lesson of Japanese No.2

vocabulaire-japonais



あなた
あの人
はい
いいえ
こんにちは
ではありません
-人
フランス
だれ
Anata
Ano hito
Hai
Iie (iie)
Konnichiwa
Dewa arimasen
-jin
Furansu
Dare
Inu
you (singular), you (plural)
That person
Yes
No
Good afternoon, Hello
Negative form of ''です''
Person
France
Who
Dog


ecriture-japonais



prononciation-japonais

• The double vowels as in ''いいえ'' (iie) are being pronounced as only one, but long vowel.

• The ''は'' of ''konnichiwa'' and of''dewa arimasen'' are being pronounced [wa] and not [ha].

texte-japonais



ブノアさん:
あの人はだれですか。

小林さん:
ピエールさんです。フランス人です。

ブノアさん:
そうですか。

小林さん:
ブノアさんもフランス人ですね。

ブノアさん:
はい、そうです。
Bunoa san:
Ano hito wa dare desu ka.

Kobayashi san :
Pierru san desu. Furansujin desu.

Bunoa san :
Sou desu ka.

Kobayashi san :
Bunoa san mo furansujin desu ne.

Bunoa san :
Hai, sou desu.
Ben :
''Who is that person?''

Miss Kobayashi :
''It's Peter. He is French.''

Ben :
''Oh yes?''

Miss Kobayashi :
''You too, you are French, aren't you?''

Ben :
''Yes, it's correct.''


grammaire-japonais

The interrogative sentence

To form an interrogative sentence, we use the affirmative sentence + ''か''. It is that simple.

— は — です 

— wa — desu ka.




- あの人田中さんです。
- Ano hito wa Tanaka san desu.
- That person is Mr Tanaka.

- あの人田中さんです
- Ano hito wa Tanaka san desu ka.
- Is that person Mr Tanaka?

Notice : We do not use the question mark in Japanese.


- だれです。 (literally: Who it's ?)
- Dare desu ka.
- Who is it?

- あなたの犬です
- Anata no inu desu ka.
- Is ityour dog?

Notice: "Anata" is being used on rather rare occasions. It means ''you'' in English, but in Japanese, when you are talking to somebody, you must use the person's first name instead of ''anata''. Consequently,in the text,we will rather say "Bunoa san mo furansujin desu ne." and not "Anata mo furansujin desu ne." We often use "anata" followed by the particle "no" and when we are talking to a total stanger.Used with another particle such as "anata wa..." or in another context, the sentence may become not polite.

Note that a woman will often talk to her husband by using "anata".


人 (hito / jin)

“Person” in Japanese is “hito” (ano hito = that person). However, "hito" may be associated with another word and turn into “jin”.

Example:

フランス + = フランス (France + person = Frenchman or Frenchwoman)
Furansu + hito = Furansujin


The particle ''も'' (mo) : also

—  も — verb。

—  mo — verb




- 私学生です。
- Watashi wa gakusei desu.
- I am a student.

- 私学生です。
- Watashi mo gakusei desu.
- I also am a student.


The negative sentence

— は —  ではありません。

— wa — dewa arimasen.




- 私田中です
- Watashi wa Tanaka desu.
- I am Mr Tanaka.

- 私田中ではありません
- Watashi wa Tanaka dewa arimasen.
- I am not Mr Tanaka.

- ピエール本です
- Pieru no hon desu ka.
- It's the book of Peter?

- いいえ、ピエールの本ではありません
- Iie, Pieru no hon dewa arimasen.
- No, it is not the book of Peter.

lecture-japonais



HiraganaKatakana












a
na
ta
i
e
ko
ni
chi
ri
ma
se
da
re










-
-
-
a
ra
su
fu
bu
no
pi
e
ru
-n
-
-
-


"ー" is being used with the katakana, but it is not one: It doesn't have its own reading. The function of that symbol is to indicate that the preceding vowel must be pronounced over a longer period of time.