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Lesson of Japanese No.5

vocabulaire-japonais



-時
行きます
来ます
帰ります
どこ
いつ
明日
今日

映画館
-ji
Ikimasu
Kimasu
Kaerimasu
Doko
Itsu
Ashita
Kyou
Ima
Eigakan
Ie
Time (hour)/o'clock
Go
Come
Return/go back/come back (somewhere)
Where
When
Tomorrow
Today
Now
Movie theater
House/home


ecriture-japonais



texte-japonais



木村さん:
山本さん、どこへ行きますか。

山本さん:
今 、映画館へ行きます。

木村さん:
何時に帰りますか 。

山本さん:
10時に帰ります。
Kimura san:
Yamamoto san, doko e ikimasu ka.

Yamamoto san :
Ima, eigakan e ikimasu.

Kimura san :
Nan ji ni kaerimasu ka.

Yamamoto san :
Jû ji ni kaerimasu.
Mr Kimura :
''Mr Yamamoto, where are you going?''

Mr Yamamoto:
''Now, I go to the movie theater.''

Mr Kimura:
''At what time do you come back?''

Mr Yamamoto:
''I come back at 10 o'clock.''


grammaire-japonais

The particle ''へ'' (e) : to move (to go from a place to another one)

The particle ''へ'' is being placed in front of the verbs ''ikimasu'' (go), ''kimasu'' (come) and ''kaerimasu'' (go back, come back or return somewhere) when these are being preceded by a location or by ''どこ'' (where).
Note that the particle ''へ'' insists on the movement itself. If we would rather want to insist on the purpose of going somewhere, we would replace ''へ'' with the particle ''に'' (ni).


Note: As a particle, ''へ'' is being pronounced as the letters ''ay'' in the word ''May'' and not ''he''..





- どこ行きますか。
- Doko e ikimasu ka.
- Where do you go?

- いつ家来ますか。
- Itsu ie e kimasu ka.
- When do you come to my home?


The particle ''に'' (ni) : to indicate when something takes place

The particle ''に''stands for"''at''" in the English time expressions. Example: ''At what time?''




- 明日、何時来ますか。
- Ashita, nan ji ni kimasu ka.
- Tomorrow, at what time(hour)do you come?

- 明日何時来ますか。
- Ashita, nan ji ni ie e kimasu ka.
- Tomorrow, at what time(hour) do you come home?


Reminder about ''何'' : We saw before that this kanji means "nani" (what). It can also be expressed by using "nan" (what).We choose one or the other pronunciation(word) according to the word following it.For instance, "nan" can't be followed by the particle ''を'' (wo).




- 今、時。
- Ima, nan ji.
- What time(hour) is it? (now)

- をしましたか。
- Nani wo shimashita ka.
- What did you do?

The numbers
Ichi1
Ni2
San3
Yon / Shi4
Go5
Roku6
Nana / Shichi7
Hachi8
Kyuu / Kuu9
Juu10


ecriture-japonais



lecture-japonais



Hiragana


do
tsu
e/he