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The particle "ka": か


Two essential functions:

a. To form the interrogative sentences

Ex.:

Ano kuruma wa anata no desu ka = That car, is it yours?
Sô desu ka = Oh ?
Atarashii eiga o issho ni mi ni itte mimasen ka = Wouldn't you come with me to see this new film?

N.B. : The particle « no » can also serve to make sentences, but it is exclusively used by women in this particular case.


b. The conjunction of coordination "or"

Ex.:

Watashi ka anata = Me or you.
Furansujin ka Kanadajin yoku wakarimasen = We don't know if he's French or Canadian.

N.B. : « nari » can also be used to express the "or", but it must be added after the last coordinated item. However, while "ka" indicates that the choice offered is in a closed list, "nari" introduces a choice that is in a list of examples.

So:

Watashi ka anata = Me or you (and only me or you…)
Watashi nari anata nari = Me or you (But possibly another person, the choice is just an example !)


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Author: Duncan

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Translator: Othman