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Summary

Introduction to Japanese


Lesson of Japanese n°1

※ The basic sentence

※ The particle "の": the possession


Lesson of Japanese n°2

※ The interrogative sentence

※ 人 (hito / jin)

※ The particle "も" (mo) : also

※ The negative sentence


Lesson of Japanese n°3

※ The "-masu" form of the verb

※ The particle "を" (wo/o)

※ The "-koto" form

※ 何 (nan) : what


Lesson of Japanese n°4

※ 何 (nani) : what

※ The particle "と" (to) : and

※ The "-mashita" form : the past


Lesson of Japanese n°5

※ The particle "へ" (e) : to move (to go from a place to another one)

※ The particle "に" (ni) : to indicate when something takes place

※ The numbers


Lesson of Japanese n°6

※ The particle "と" (to) : with

※ The particle "よ" (yo) : the emphasis

※ "でも" (demo): but

※ The negative sentence

※ The past negative sentence

※ The "-mashou" form


Lesson of Japanese n°7

※ "これ" (kore) this, "それ" (sore) that, "あれ" (are) that over there

※ "どれ" (dore): which

※ "この" (kono) this, "その" (sono) that, "あの" (ano) that...over there

※ "どの" (dono): which


Lesson of Japanese n°8

※ The particle "が" (ga): but

※ The particle "が" (ga): the topic marker

※ The "i" adjectives


Lesson of Japanese n°9

※ The particle "ね" (ne): the agreement

※ The "na" adjectives

※ Adjective + "そう" (sou)


Lesson of Japanese n°10

※ The time

※ The prices


Lesson of Japanese n°11

※ Chotto ii desu ka

※ The particle "に" (ni) : the location in the space

※ Imasu and Arimasu

※ Telling where the things or people are.


Lesson of Japanese n°12

※ "Suki desu" and "kirai desu" (to like / to dislike)

※ The "-tai" form: to want to do


Lesson of Japanese n°13

※ The informal form

※ The simplified sentence

※ The particle "から" (kara): because

※ "うんん -" , "えー": the interjections


Lesson of Japanese n°14

※ "My daughter" and "your daughter"

※ "ここ" (koko) here, "そこ" (soko) there, "あそこ" (asoko) over there

※ "って" (tte)

※ The "informal" form and the "-masu" form


Lesson of Japanese n°15

※ "時" (toki): when

※ "けど" (kedo): but

※ "できる" (dekiru): to be able to (can)

※ "と思う" (to omou): to think

※ "もう" (mou): already, not anymore


Lesson of Japanese n°16

※ The days of the week

※ "...も...も..." (... mo ... mo...)

※ The "-nai" form


Lesson of Japanese n°17

※ The Japanese "yes"

※ The particle "に" (ni): to show where the indirect object complement is

※ The particle "に" (ni): to form the adverbs

※ The particle "で" (de): where an action is taking place

※ The particle "な" (na): the reflection


Lesson of Japanese n°18

※ The particle "で" (de): the way to do the things

※ The particle "の" (no): the "gentle" question

※ The "-ta" form of the verb

※ The relative subordinate clause


Lesson of Japanese n°19

※ The particle "ね" (ne)

※ The Japanese "yes"

※ Counting the people

※ Counting the objects

※ The "-ta koto ga aru" form: to have already done


Lesson of Japanese n°20

※ から/まで (kara/made): from/to

※ "ぐらい" (gurai): about (approximately)

※ To say "thanks"

※ The "-te" form of the verb

※ The "-te iru" form of the verb


Lesson of Japanese n°21

※ The "-te kudasai" verb form

※ "一つ目" (hitotsume): the first


Lesson of Japanese n°22

※ "しか" (shika): only and "だけ" (dake): just

※ The particle "と" (to)

※ "に - を - あげる" (ni-wo-ageru): to give to

※ The "-ku" form of the "i" adjectives

※ The "-ou/-you" form of the verb


Lesson of Japanese n°23

※ "ので" (node): because/given that

※ "という" (to iu): to call (to give a name)

※ "なる" (naru): to become

※ The "potential" form: to be able to


Lesson of Japanese n°24

※ The "に行く" (ni iku) form: to go do something

※ "つもり" (tsumori): to intend to...

※ "いつ" (itsu): when / "いつか" (itsuka): someday


Lesson of Japanese n°25

※ Japanese verbs


Lesson of Japanese n°26

※ The particle "か" (ka): or

※ The particle "より" (yori): the comparison

※ "でしょう" (deshou): the probability

※ "ほうがいいです" (-hou ga ii desu): the advice

※ "最" (sai-): the most ...


Lesson of Japanese n°27

※ "というのは" (-to iu no wa): the explanation

※ "てもいいです" (-te mo ii desu): the permission

※ "てはいけません" (-te wa ikemasen): forbidden or impossible

※ "間" (-kan): the length

※ The "-tara" form of the verb: the conditional


Lesson of Japanese n°28

※ "過ぎる/すぎる" (-sugiru): the excess (too much or too many)

※ "ために" (-tameni): the purpose of an action (in order to, for)

※ "によって" (ni yotte): it depends on

※ "毎" (mai-): each/every

※ "んです" (-n desu): the confirmation or the explanation